CBD Pollen

Make your own hashish

One of the reasons hashish has been so popular for centuries is that making it on your own at home is easy, and doesn’t require any complicated or pricy equipment.

Here are three simple ways to make your own batch of brown gold. Hashish is a type of extraction made from glandular trichomes, the resin that produces cannabinoids and terpenes in the cannabis plant.

cbd pollen uk

Hemp Hash 2022



The psychoactive effects of the cannabis plant can be enjoyed in several kinds of preparation.

The simplest way is to collect and then either smoke or eat the dried, resinous buds of mature female plants, most commonly known worldwide by the Hindi term gāñjā Edible cannabis, commonly known as bhāṅg in South Asia, is prepared in some cultures from large quantities of the less potent lower leaves of the plant.

Since the late 1970s, cannabis from either gāñjā, caras or hashish has also been made into high-THC refined oil or into higher-potency ‘hashish’ (as oil mixed with plant material) in a process that requires equipment and solvents.

Being a concentrate, this product is psychoactively very strong, quite unlike the non-psychoactive CBD oil now sold worldwide in health shops. D. Gold (1989:63) invented a machine called the Isomerizer to extract oil.

There are now several kinds of device (‘isolators’) which use iced water and filters for making ‘iso’ oil or ‘hash’, and also devices (known as ‘gasolators’) that use instead CO2 gas from cannisters to extract the psychoactive resin.

Caras (hand rubbed)

Another preparation is caras (charas), made by carefully rubbing mature, female buds with the palms of the hands to extract the psychoactive resin. This technique is used in some areas of the Indian and Nepalese Himalayas, and since the 1980s in a minor way in other cannabis producing countries, including Jamaica, Mexico, Colombia and Bolivia; and in Africa, in Senegal, Durban, Transkei, Lesotho and Swaziland, but it is rarely exported. During the 1980s high-quality caras was also made in the Indian state of Kerala.

Each stick, patty or ball of resinous caras is somewhat distinct as it derives from either just one or, usually, only a few neighbouring plants. An experienced caras rubber may produce between 10 and 25 gms in a day. More can be made by vigorous rubbing, but then the quality is lower as the caras consists not only of resin but also other leaf and plant matter. The inclusion of leaf matter results in a certain amount of water in the caras, which quickly leads to white mould appearing; smoking this is harsh and injurious to the lungs. Making caras requires no equipment and can be made from just a few scattered local plants. In Nepal it is not uncommon to find weak caras, which has been mixed with a lot of leaf.

Hashish (sieved)

A much more common, global technique is to make hashish, which is done using sieves of various kinds to separate out the resin of the mature female buds from the other plant material, comprising the leaves, flowers and stalks. Hashish has many names in different cultures and languages and is also confusingly called caras in some hashish-producing countries, notably Pakistan and Afghanistan.

In North America it is far more common to use the term ‘hashish’ to refer to both sieved resin and also to caras, whereas in Europe consumers usually distinguish sieved hashish from hand-rubbed caras, which derives almost exclusively from the Indian and Nepalese Himalayas. For convenience, in this article the term ‘hashish’ is used to refer to sieved resin, while the term ‘caras’ is used to refer to hand rubbed resin.

Another difference between hashish and caras is that caras is hand rubbed from individual plants, while hashish is sieved resin derived from a collection of many plants. Up to a kilo of hashish can be made by one person in a day by sieving methods, which is far more than can be produced by hand rubbing. Sieving and pressing hashish requires some equipment and is used for making much larger quantities of resin. Hashish production is and has always been confined almost exclusively to Muslim countries.

Before smoking cannabis became popular, after the introduction of tobacco to many countries by the Portuguese in the late 16th century, hashish was eaten and not smoked.

A great aid to understanding the details of the production of hashish is to explore the magnificent photographic compendia by Laurence Cherniak (1979; 1982; 2007) and Suomi La Valle (1984). The book Hashish! by Robert Clarke (1998), contains the most detailed description of hashish production published to date. Sumach (2016) also has useful information on hashish manufacture and various preparations for curing gāñjā.

Historical hashish cultures

Historically, cannabis as an inebriant—in distinction from use as a medicine—first appears in the Muslim world in the 11th century, when the Seljuks conquered Baghdad (Nahas 1982:815). For several centuries, the main hashish producing regions in the world have all been in Muslim countries: in Afghanistan, Pakistan, Lebanon, Iraq, Turkey, Syria, Eastern Turkestan (in Yarkand, Shinjiang Province, China), and also Morocco, but only since the 1960s.

However, it remains unclear whether or not the early references to cannabis being used as an inebriant in those countries refer to herbal cannabis or to the resin (as ‘hashish’), as historically the term ‘hashish’ also referred in the Muslim world to herbal cannabis in general. No one knows when hashish was first made with sieving techniques. There are claims in both Lebanon and Afghanistan that the technique was invented there (Clarke 1998:72).

Since the 1960s high-quality hashish has been renowned in the mountainous places Mazar-i-Sharif and Balkh (Afghanistan), Chitral (Pakistan), Maalbek in the Bekaa Valley (Lebanon) and Ketama (Morocco). A small amount of very high-quality hashish has for many centuries been made also in northern Iran, in the area bordering Turkmenistan. Egypt has a long, documented history of cannabis culture dating back to the 13th century, when it was introduced there by Qalandar and Haidarī Sūfīs. However, very little hashish has ever been made in Egypt (a small amount is still made in Sinai); the bulk of it was always imported, mostly from either Turkey, or Lebanon/Syria, a huge trade that continued at least until the mid-1980s (Ram 2020:20–24; 118).

Hashish was also made in quantity around Bukhara and Samarkand in Uzbekistan before production largely shifted from there to Yarkand (in East Turkestan/Shinjiang, in south-west China) and Kashmir in the late 1800s (Clarke 1998:45). Several travellers have told me that excellent hashish is still being made in the former Soviet republic of Georgia; it is apparently the best available in Russia.

There is also a history of hashish production in Bangla Desh and, until the advent of communism in Eastern Europe in the 20th century, in the Balkans: in Macedonia and (former) Yugoslavia. This seems to be almost certainly due (again!) to Qalandar Sūfīs, who had a significant presence in the Balkans from the 14th–15th centuries onwards.

From the early 20th century until the 1960s Lebanon and Afghanistan were the world’s largest manufactures of hashish. Production in Lebanon increased greatly around 1905 to supply Egypt, a trade that amounted to fifty or sixty tons annually by the 1930s (Ram 2020:38). Since the late 1970s Morocco has been the world’s largest producer. Very recently, production and exports have slightly increased in Algeria. Since the 1970s, entrepreneurs have made sieved hashish in countries that had no prior history of production.

Hashish in India

From the 1800s until 1934, when the Chinese government outlawed hashish production, Yarkand (in China) was the main supplier of hashish to India; it was considered to be the best quality. In 1923, nearly fifty-four tons of hashish passed through the government warehouse in Leh, in the Indian, Himalayan state of Ladakh; and that does not include smuggled hashish or hashish entering India via the other main trade route, which passed through Chitral in the northern mountains of Pakistan.

In India, hashish is made in the Muslim regions of the states of Kashmir (where it is called gard, ‘dust’; a small amount of caras is also made in Kashmir), in Bihar, in the lower hills of eastern Uttar Pradesh (bordering Nepal), and in Rajasthan. (There may be other states in India where hashish is produced, but I have never encountered it.) Production is only significant in Kashmir. The hashish produced in Bihar, Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan is only for local consumption.

Hashish manufacturing processes

The aim in both sieving and rubbing is to separate mature resin glands from the small leaves in the female buds. Whether by sieving or rubbing, only around half of the THC-filled glands are actually collected from the plant (Clarke 1998:62–76). In general, the higher the altitude that cannabis plants grow, the more resin is produced (though this is not true for all strains), because one of the reasons that the plant produces the resin is to protect it from ultra-violet light. A rule of thumb is that the benchmark altitude above which plants produce greater and more potent resin is 2,700 metres.

Several varying techniques are used for sieving. Mature female plants are first harvested and then taken to a barn (or similar) to dry out, often hung upside down. The dried tops and flower heads are then shaken lightly over a silk cloth pulled taught over a tub of some kind. The finest, grey/yellow/red dust (the mature resin glands), which are between 60 and 120 microns in size, falls and may pass through the pores of the cloth. This separates out all plant material from the resinous dust and is the highest quality. Alternatively, a larger metal mesh may be used first, and then a finer silk or cloth mesh is used again on the same material after the first sieving.

Several metal sieves of progressively coarser mesh may be used to produce lower quality hashish, containing proportionally more plant material. This usually results in at least three grades of hashish. In Lebanon, up to eight grades used to be produced. The highest grade in Morocco is known as ‘Zero Zero’/‘OO’; lower grades are referred to as 01, 02, etc. In the 1970s the grading system went up to 09. Sieving is best done in cold, dry weather, in the autumn.

Plants may first be threshed or beaten between sheets to detach the resin. Clarke (1998:129) describes how in the past in Afghanistan dried plants were first put between carpets; then the family would jump around on the carpets to release the resin powder. The resultant mix of plant material and resin would then be filtered through a fine cloth to separate out the resin powder.

The final stage of production is pressing. A small amount of resin powder is often hand-pressed; this is usually reserved for the farmer. The bulk of the powder is then placed either in plastic bags (in Morocco) or cloth or linen sacks (in Lebanon) and then pressed into slabs in devices that often use car jacks. The resin powder is sometimes mixed with a little water in Afghanistan before pressing. In Yarkand it was first steamed in cloth sacks. The resin powder is sometimes heated before pressing. Heating, usually over coals, turns the yellow/brown resin powder black.

The most common adulterant—amongst many—to hashish is vegetable oil, which is indicated by an acrid taste and a blue flame when heated. Some sand and dirt may also be found in low-quality hashish. The highest grades are particularly potent and full of flavours.

How to make Hash

You’ve probably tried hash and liked it and must be wondering if you can make hash at home.

If that’s the case, we’ve got good news for you.

By following some simple rules and staying patient, you can make a hash at home.

There are plenty of methods to make homemade hash. We’ve gathered top ways to make the drug but before starting, let’s take a look at what hash is.

Also known as Hashish, the hash is a pretty popular drug that’s prepared by compressing trichomes. Trichomes are tiny transparent particles that live all over the plant. These crystal-like particles are largely found in the flowers of the cannabis plant. The thing that makes these little crystals extremely special is that they are full of THC and CBD. In simple words, these are responsible for the ‘high’ that we feel after we smoke hash as well as the recognizable aroma of this amazing plant.

To further explain the process, the hash is made by picking out the crystals from all over the plant including the stems, leaves, and buds. After processes like heating and pressing form the ever-powerful concentrate of the plant. The colors of the hash vary as its quality varies. The perfect quality hash looks something like a mixture of golden and brown. While not-so-quality hash has a greenish color which indicates that the stuff is “more of the plant” than what’s needed to make hash.

Here is a list of top methods that will answer all your questions regarding how to make a hash.

Traditional Hand Rolling Method

The first method to make a hash is the traditional hand rolling method. It’s considered one of the simplest and the most effective ways of making a hash as it doesn’t require any tools or equipment. This method to date remains the most widely used back in places like Nepal and India.

On the other hand, this is kind of a hard day’s work as this process is pretty time-consuming. But if you’re looking to hash for your personal use, it would suit you the best as this method is ideal for having a small number of yields.

The couple of things you’re going to need for this hand-rolling method are:

  • Fresh cannabis buds (using dried cannabis is not recommended)

  • A pair of extremely clean hands.

Start by washing your hands with a non-scented soap. You can repeatedly wash them for the most organic results and make sure not to dry them using your usual towel. Let them air dry them out for you.

Grab a bud and make sure to get rid of all the leaves and stems. We would just need the buds.

Place the buds between your hands in such a way that it’s placed right in the center of your two palms.

Now, making sure you’re not applying too much pressure on the little buds and start rolling them in a circular motion.

Soon you’ll be able to notice a dark, thick resin appearing on the insides of your hands and even your fingers. That blackish substance is what you’ll later refer to as a hash. Carefully gather all that hash, first between your hands and then onto some clean surface or parchment paper.

Let it dry for a while before you cut or create your balls of hash. How easy was that?

Mechanical Method

The second method involves a mechanical drum and is considered the most professional way of making hashish. The mechanical drum consists of a huge silkscreen. When the machine is turned on, the screen starts spinning which causes the crystals (trichomes) to get separated from the rest of the plant and its materials.

This method has a downside to it though. The pollinator drum that’s used for making hash, can cost you a fortune. A normal pollinator drum can cost between $350-400.

If you’re up for buying the drum, we should continue telling you the process. While using this method, here is what you’ll need:

  • Trimmed cannabis

  • One mechanical drum (pollinator)

According to the people who use this technique, it’s preferred that the trimmed cannabis is put to freeze first. The frozen plant works well with the process.

You start with placing the plant inside the drum and turn on the switch, the drum will take care of the rest. It will spin around to make to plant rub against the screen (silkscreen) that’s placed at the bottom. This process is known to provide highly potent results.

Flat Iron Method

The final method is relatively simpler and less expensive. You’ll be happy to know that your flat iron is not just about straightening your hair. You use it, you can also prepare your hash. How about that?

We’ll start by promising we will not burn our hands or the material we’re planning to create. After that here is a shortlist of supplies we will need:

  • One flat iron

  • Cannabis flower

  • Vegetal paper

Separate the flowers from the plant in small amounts.

Cut the paper in 3×6 inches.

Place a bud in the paper and fold it before you iron the paper for a few seconds, or a few times.

Let it sit for a few seconds before you make contact with it since it might be hot. Open the paper to notice a few dark-colored drops. Those drops would be resin and they appear as a result of squeezing and applying heat to the paper containing the buds.

You can use tweezers and to take the resin away and continue the process for each bud.

something about crumbling up a golden or brown chunk of hashish, mixing it with some herb, using it to top off a bowl in your favorite pipe

Smoking hash can be a fully-immersive experience, and with a mellow yet potent high and a delicious flavor that’s loaded with CBD/THC, there’s good reason that hashish has stood the test of time.

One of the main reasons hashish has been popular since antiquity is because of its high potency.

They are most abundant on the cannabis flowers, but can also be harvested from marijuana “trim,” the leaves trimmed off the cannabis plant during the grow period and during harvesting.

Cannabis trichomes are rich with cannabinoids — such as THC and CBD — as well as the terpenes and flavonoids that give every cannabis strain its aroma and flavor, as well as many of its effects.

The THC levels in hash can be particularly high — and can consistently be over 50%, though this depends on the potency of the cannabis chemovar used to make the hashish.

We also know today that hashish contains unique terpenes, likely created during the production process, which make it unique to cannabis flower.

Another thing that makes hash special is that it can be an economical byproduct of growing cannabis.

Because it can be made from cannabis trim or the kief that accumulates in the bottom of your grinder.

It’s a perfect way to make your cannabis harvest even more fruitful and to help your personal stash last longer.

What can I do with hashish?

Because it comes as a solid chunk or block — and it’s high potency — hashish isn’t meant to be crumbled up between your fingers and rolled up in a joint as is. With hash, you have to work with it a bit, but your efforts will be rewarded.

Hash can be smoked in a variety of ways.

It can be sprinkled inside of a joint, or mixed with tobacco much like a spliff.

If the hash is especially sticky and pliable and doesn’t break down easily -—such as with charas — it can be flattened and rolled between the fingers until it makes a long, narrow line of hash, which can be dropped into a waiting joint.

A sliver of hash can be placed on top of a bowl in a bong or pipe for a heavy-hitting experience, one that would be familiar to countless hookah smokers who “drank” bowls of sticky tobacco mixed with hashish in bars and cafes across the Middle East since well before the modern era.

Of course, you can also just use hash as an edible.

It can be decarboxylated and mixed into tea or coffee, or obviously, it can be the key ingredient in hash brownies — one of the most iconic edibles of all time.

If you have want to know more about making hash with dry ice (carbon dioxide pellets) then read on! Historically, many people have made hashish with the water/ice method.

One disadvantage of that method is the fact that your hash is produced as a wet slurry which needs drying over a couple of days.

When you make hash with dry ice, you get fast and easy hash production process which you can enjoy immediately.

Whats more, many hash connoisseurs say that the dry ice retains more of the taste and flavor, meaning that dry-ice hash is the best quality you can get.

So is the extra hassle of using dry-ice worth the quality improvement?

Making hashish with dry ice

When dry ice is added to a bucket of shredded cannabis buds and shaken, the resin glands freeze.

This makes them brittle, allowing them to easily break off the buds/leaves.

The trichome resin glands are collected in the normal way using standard hash collection bags.

Hash bags are designed for making ice/water hash but they work great for making dry ice hash too.

They can be bought online and come in a set with different sized screens, e.g. 73μ, 160μ and 220μ.

Making hash with dry ice is simple and quick, and that is part of the appeal.

There is no need to wait for the hash to dry, just collect it and enjoy it!

Dry ice is simply solidified carbon dioxide, or CO2.

It is non-flammable and can be bought online and is usually delivered in special polystyrene containers which keep it cool enough to survive the overnight shipping process.

Dry ice has a temperature of around -78ºC (-109ºF). It will cause severe skin damage, so wear thick gloves.

Dry ice hash has an extra deep and rich taste which is adored by hash connoisseurs.

Some hash connoisseurs claim that traditional water/ice hash method loses some of the flavor and terpenes in the water.

With dry-ice hash there is no loss of flavor at all, and the ultra low temperatures preserve the full delicious hash taste.

If you haven’t tried hash made with dry ice, you have been missing out!

How to make hash with dry ice?

Hash made with the dry ice extraction method.

Hash is simply the collected resin glands from the cannabis plant. Some people like to vape or smoke the non-compressed resin glands. This is called Kief. Other hash fans love to compress the resin glands to make a sticky, shiny ball of hash (cannabis resin). Usually hash has a light brown color but this varies according to the purity and type of hash. The larger the size of the ‘holes’ in the collection bags the more hash you will collect and the more leaf/green material also. However, the smaller micron sizes (e.g. the 73μ collection bag) will contain less leaf material, but a higher percentage of resin glands. The smaller the micron rating of the bag, the less chance of any green leaf material making it into your hash.

In general, the more green, leafy material in your hash the less potent it is. Usually the most potent hash comes from the bag with the smallest pore size, such as the 73μ collection bag. That’s because it usually collects most trichomes and the least green leafy material. Sometimes the hash produced from the smallest size collection bags may have a blond, or very light brown appearance.

How to make hash with dry ice?

What you need to make dry ice hash.

To make your own dry ice hash you will need the following materials:

Shredded/ground-up cannabis buds/leaves

A clean bucket

A well ventilated room to work in.

Some hash bags/bubble bags

Some heavy duty oven gloves, safety glasses and long sleeve clothing

Dry ice, often around 1Kg of dry ice (2-3 pounds) is used for a home extraction.

A flat, clean surface to shake your hash bags onto.

A scraping tool (e.g. paint scraper) to collect the resin glands when you empty the hash bags.

Put the dry ice and shredded buds/trim in the bucket. Add the dry ice pellets, put the hash bags on the bucket and shake. The dry ice rapidly cools the buds and freezes any sticky resin glands on the plant material. At these ultra low temperatures, the trichomes become brittle and glass-like. The mechanical shaking removes them, and by tipping your bucket upside down you collect the resin glands in the hash bags. The hash bags can be removed and the collected contents are tipped onto your clean work surface and scraped up. To ensure that you have extracted all the hash, repeat the process until no more is hash is removed. You can add extra CO2 pellets if necessary. You can choose whether to keep your product as loose, powdery ‘kief’ or to compress it into a ball of hash.

How to make hash with dry ice?

Safety considerations when making dry ice hashish.

Use a well ventilated room or an external area such as a garage. Your lungs need to absorb oxygen to survive but you will be using lots of carbon dioxide. In a closed room you could suffer oxygen deprivation, therefore it is vital to ensure excellent ventilation. Remember that dry ice can cause instant and severe skin/eye damage. Many hash fans are perfectly happy to leave dry ice extractions to the professionals for very good reasons. Don’t put dry ice in a sealed container, if it warms up and expands it could explode the container. Dispose of dry ice safely, don’t try to flush it down the toilet or sink as it can freeze them. Instead, simply place the unwanted CO2 pellets near an open window, door or garden and leave them to evaporate away naturally.

The fastest way to make hashish.

Dry ice is a fast way to make hash. Once you have your plant material in a clean bucket with the dry ice it takes just a few minutes to make your hash which you can enjoy immediately. If you make hash with the more traditional ice/water method then you could be waiting a couple of days until the hash has dried out. During the drying of ice/water hash some of the tasty terpenes are lost. With dry-ice hash no drying is required and no terpenes are lost, you can enjoy it immediately if you wish. If you want hash with the richest, darkest and most appealing flavor you should try hash made with the dry ice method.

Maximum flavor!

As soon as the dry ice touches the resin glands, the extreme low temperatures lock in all the terpenes and other aromatics. With the traditional water/ice method some of these aromatic compounds and terpenes are inevitably washed away and lost to the water. That’s why many of the most serious hash lovers prefer to make their own hash.

How to make dry sift hash

Something akin to being a gold prospector, dry sifting is one of the easiest ways to make hash.

With dry sifting, you’re working the dried buds and trim back and forth over micron screens, letting all of the trichomes fall through, where they can be collected and pressed into hash.

Dry sift is a great method because you can either press the kief into hash or just put it in a jar and sprinkle it in or on joints or on top of bowls when you want to kick things up a notch.


1. Get a set of micron screens with a micron count of 60-200, or a single pollen box.

2. If using the screens, stack them with the highest micron count screen at the top and start rubbing the cannabis back and forth on the top screen, working the trichomes off so they fall below.

You want to make sure not to push so hard that you force any of the flowers or trim through the screen.

Take the layer of kief that has fallen below to the next screen and use a plastic card to work it across the next screen until it falls below, repeating this step until you get to the bottom layer.

3. Take the kief and put it between two baking sheets or pieces of parchment paper and apply heat, pressing it hard to form it into a block.

There are various methods of applying heat, including using a hair straightener or a tightly-sealed glass jar filled with boiling water, to name just two. You can also just put the kief in a pollen press, and compress it into a round chunk of hash.

4. If using a pollen box, which is typically a large wooden or plastic box that has a micron screen inside, simply put the weed and trim inside, close the box and shake it, allowing the kief to fall through and collect on the bottom.

Repeat this step until you’ve got enough kief.

How to make bubble hash

Also known as water hash, bubble hash uses ice, water, and filter bags to pull the trichomes from the cannabis so it can be formed into hash.

To make bubble hash you’ll need cannabis flower and/or trim, filter bags, two buckets, cold water, and parchment paper.

A lot of recipes call for using your washing machine in concert with the filter bags, ice, and water, but we’re going to focus on how to make it by hand.

Marijuana in a bucket

To make bubble hash you’ll need cannabis flower and/or trim, filter bags, two buckets, cold water, and parchment paper.


1. Take a 220 micron filter bag (aka “bubble bag”) and place it inside of a bucket.

2. Place a layer of ice at the bottom of the bucket, then the cannabis you’re using, followed by another layer of ice, or alternate layers of cannabis and ice, with a layer of ice on top, and enough water so that the ice at top is just barely covered and floating.

3. Let the bucket mix sit for about 15-20 minutes and then take a large wooden spoon and start stirring it in a gentle, circular motion, changing directions repeatedly.

Let the mixture sit another 10 minutes or so.

4. Line a second bucket with a set of filter bags ranging from 25 to 160 microns, with the 25 micron bag at the bottom.

5. Take the bag with the water and cannabis mixture, close it, and let the liquid filter out of the bag into the bucket.

Take that water and pour it into the second bucket with the multiple filter bags, allowing it to drain for about 10 minutes.

6. Pull up the first bag – 160 microns – and use a spoon to scrape off the wet hash and set it on a press screen or a piece of cardboard to dry.

Repeat this for each bag until you get to the bottom of the bucket.

After the hash is dry, you can press it into blocks.

The different levels of hash will be of different grades, and you can either separate them or press them together.

You can also reuse the plant material from the first round and repeat the process from the beginning to produce more bubble hash.

Just use your hands to make hash

The simplest, most time-honored way of making hash is done by just using the tools that you always have on hand.

This is the method used to make charras, the very dark brown or black form of hashish popular in south Asia, particular in north India and in Nepal.

All you need is some freshly picked cannabis flower and your own two hands.

Make sure to use flowers that aren’t fully mature and which aren’t dry.

Make sure your hands are nice and clean and take a good sized bud on a stem and roll it gently back and forth between your hands, making sure not to use too much force or go too fast.

Eventually, the tar-like charas will start building up on your palms.

Take your time, and once you’ve collected a good amount of charas, scrape it off your hands and form into a ball.

Make sure to have some good, strong soap on hand, you’re going to need it to clean up afterwards.

Is CBD Flower Legal in the UK?

Are CBD flowers legal in the UK?

CBD flowers are not legal in the UK.

If you wish to be able to buy and possess CBD flowers of any form of cannabis in the UK, you will need to do so via a prescription.

Is CBD flower legal in the UK? #cbdflowers #cbdflower #cbdflowersuk @cbdflowersuk

The answer is no

CBD flowers are not legal in the UK

There is no doubting the rise in popularity of CBD Flowers in the United Kingdom

The last few years have seen products such as CBD Hash, CBD Pollen and CBD Edibles enter the public eye with a bang.

There is now a range of CBD Flowers products being sold in high street stores and online.

Thanks to this rise in popularity, many more people are educating themselves about the health benefits of CBD Flower..

This is fueled by countless medical studies and anecdotal reports from users.

People are turning to CBD Flower to help with anxiety, stress, fitness and many other aspects of their lives.

CBD containing products such as oils are currently legal in the UK.

They are considered exempt from the law thanks to three reasons as defined in the Misuse of Drugs Regulations 2001.

The MDR states that a CBD product will be exempt from being illegal where it satisfies all three elements of the exempt product definition:

1) it is not designed for the administration of the controlled substance, ie THC

2) any THC elements of the product are packaged in such a way that it cannot be recovered by readily applicable means, or at a level which would constitute a risk to health;

3) it contains no more than one milligram per component part of the product.

Why is there confusion about CBD flowers in the UK?

Sellers and consumers often claim the that CBD flower and CBD bud is legal based on the fact that it has been sourced from ‘EU approved varieties’ and contains ‘less than 0.2% THC’, citing the exemption example given above.

Further confusion arises from Home Office guidance, which states that CBD rich hemp can be legally grown in the UK, providing it is from approved seeds and the end product contains less than 0.2% THC.

However, to grow this hemp, farmers must first obtain a hemp cultivation licence, and even then can only keep the seeds and fibres of the plant.

All other parts of the plant, including the buds and flowers, must be destroyed.

So even CBD flowers grown with a Home Office licence in the UK with less than 0.2% THC would still be considered illegal, and must not be sold online or in retail stores.

To clarify the matter, a prominent cannabis campaigner, Peter Reynolds, wrote to the Home Office, asking them to confirm the law.

I can confirm that the leaves and flowers of the genus Cannabis are controlled and defined as cannabis as outlined in Section 37(1) of the Misuse of Drugs Act 1971

“cannabis” (except in the expression “cannabis resin”) means any plant of the genus cannabis or any part of any such plant (by whatever name designated) except that it does not include cannabis resin or any of the following products after separation from the rest of the plant, namely—

(a)mature stalk of any such plant,

(b)fibre produced from mature stalk of any such plant, and

(c)seed of any such plant;”.

Once the separation of the stalk and seeds from the plant has occurred it will not be defined as cannabis.

This also extends to the fibre produced from the stalk.

Drugs & Firearms Licensing Unit”

Why are CBD flowers still on sale in the UK if they are illegal?

Despite all of the above, many stores online and offline continue to flout the law

Unfortunately, ignorance is not considered a defence when it comes to criminal matters.

In 2020 a number of CBD shops across the country were raided for selling CBD flowers.

In one case, police involved in the operation were clear, stating that they believed the shops had been attempting to exploit a “loophole” that allows certain stores to sell cannabis containing up to 0.2% THC, though this in fact only applies to licensed pharmacies selling to people with a specific prescription.

“Unless you are a specifically licensed pharmacy, you cannot legally sell or supply cannabis or THC products – no matter what percentage content it has,” Police Constable Ross Bennett who investigated the case said.

How can I buy CBD flowers legally in the UK?

Until the law is updated to take into account the difference between CBD flowers and high THC cannabis, there is no legal way to buy CBD flowers online or in-store in the UK

The only legal way to possess cannabis is by obtaining a prescription.

Since November 2018, it has been possible for cannabis to be prescribed for medical purposes only.

It is difficult to obtain a medical cannabis prescription on the NHS, however, there are a number of private cannabis clinics that will issue prescriptions for genuine cases.

Costs are prohibitive, but as more clinics open the cost for consultations and legally available products comes down.


There is no doubting the rise in popularity of CBD containing products in the United Kingdom.

The last few years have seen products such as CBD oil, CBD vape liquids and CBD drinks enter the public eye with a bang.

There is now a range of CBD products being sold in high street stores such as Boots and Superdrug.

People are turning to CBD to help with anxiety, stress, fitness and many other aspects of their lives.

The MDR states that a CBD product will be exempt from being illegal where it satisfies all three elements of the exempt product definition:

Known as CBD flower, CBD hash, CBD buds and CBD weed, many retailers, both online and on the high street, have begun selling flowers of the hemp plant that are high in CBD content (around 13-15%) and low in THC (usually less than 1%).